Conservation laws of an electro-active polymer

Abstract : Ionic electro-active polymers (E.A.P.) is an active material consisting in a polyelectrolyte (for example Nafion). Such material is usually used as thin film sandwiched between two platinum electrodes. The polymer undergoes large bending motions when an electric field is applied across the thickness. Conversely, a voltage can be detected between both electrodes when the polymer is suddenly bent. The solvent-saturated polymer is fully dissociated, releasing cations of small size. We used a continuous medium approach. The material is modelled by the coexistence of two phases; it can be considered as a porous medium where the deformable solid phase is the polymer backbone with fixed anions; the electrolyte phase is made of a solvent (usually water) with free cations. The microscale conservation laws of mass, linear momentum and energy and the Maxwell's equations are first written for each phase. The physical quantities linked to the interfaces are deduced. The use of an average technique applied to the two-phase medium finally leads to an Eulerian formulation of the conservation laws of the complete material. Macroscale equations relative to each phase provides exchanges through the interfaces. An analysis of the balance equations of kinetic, potential and internal energy highlights the 2 Mireille Tixier, Joël Pouget phenomena responsible of the conversion of one kind of energy into another, especially the dissipative ones : viscous frictions and Joule effect.
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Mireille Tixier, Joël Pouget. Conservation laws of an electro-active polymer. Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Springer Verlag, 2014, 26 (4), pp.465-481. ⟨https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00161-013-0314-9⟩. ⟨10.1007/s00161-013-0314-9⟩. ⟨hal-01545555⟩

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